Sunday, February 20, 2011

Causes of Gynecomastia

So What are the Possible Causes of gynecomastia?

  • Persistent pubertal gynecomastia – 25%
  • Drugs – 10-25%
  • No detectable abnormality – 25%
  • Cirrhosis or malnutrition – 8%
  • Primary hypogonadism – 8%
  • Testicular tumors – 3%
  • Secondary hypogonadism – 2%
  • Hyperthyroidism - 1.5%
  • Chronic renal insufficiency – 1%

Emmanuel De La Cruz M.D.

References:
Braunstein GD. Gynecomastia. N Engl J Med. Feb 18 1993;328(7):490-5
Mahoney CP. Adolescent gynecomastia. Differential diagnosis and management. Pediatr Clin North Am. Dec 1990;37(6):1389-404
Carlson HE. Approach to the patient with gynecomastia. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. Jan 2011;96(1):15-21

No comments:

Post a Comment

There was an error in this gadget

Silicone Gel Breast Implant or Saline Breast Implant?